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RCMP: Uniforms and History

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The RCMP is full of history. It began as the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) in 1873 when John A. Macdonald created a police force for the North-West Territories he had purchased from the Hudson’s Bay Company. It was renamed the Royal NWMP in 1904 when it merged with the Dominion Police, and then officially the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in 1920. The Royal part was added by King Edward VII after the Boer War.

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The Iconic Red Serge was developed to distinguish the Canadian Police from the American’s blue uniforms. It also outlined the British background of the Force. Other uniforms were issued over time including the Blue Serge, Brown Serge, P-Coat, and Numerous others that we have put on Display. Women were finally allowed to join the force in 1974, and 32 years later in 2006, the first female RCMP officer was promoted to the highest rank in the force of Commissioner.